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Family Dentistry

Family Dentistry in Karachi | Female Dental Surgeon | Book in-Person

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Family Dentistry

Not all general dentists are family dentists. Most family dentists are trained to work with children, though not much like pediatric dentists are. This means that family dentistry is intended to help you address your oral health needs, and those of your children, at every stage of life.
Zia Dental Care provides you the best and experienced Family dentists to understand that kids have different dental needs than adults, and they are specially trained to deliver specialized care to meet their needs.

Pediatric Dentistry

Our dentists at Zia Dental Care are specialty trained to care for the oral health and dental development of your child at every age.
Our efforts and treatments are dedicated to the long-term oral health as well as the well-being of your child. We try to make children involved and excited about the care of their teeth. We advise parents about the techniques to do for their child’s dental care.
Lastly, we gently treat the problems that do occur and focus on preventing new ones from happening.

Periodontal Diseases

Periodontitis, also commonly known as gum disease or periodontal disease, begins with bacterial growth in your mouth and may lead to tooth loss if not properly treated due to the destruction of the tissue that surrounds your teeth. Gum inflammation or gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal disease.
Your gums become red, swollen, and tend to bleed easily.
This stage is generally painless and is often caused by inadequate oral hygiene. Gum inflammation can easily be reversed with a dental cleaning and good oral health care. Smoking, diabetes, pregnancy, hormonal fluctuations, systemic diseases are the most common causes leading to swollen gums and increases the risk of periodontal diseases. Bacteria residing in your mouth infect tissues around the tooth and cause inflammation that often leads to periodontal disease.
When bacteria reside on the teeth for a longer period, plaque biofilm is formed, which eventually hardens to tartar, also called calculus.
This tartar build-up can spread below the gum line, making it harder to clean.
Only a dental health professional can remove the tartar through periodontitis cleaning to stop the progression of the disease.


If not treated on right time, gingivitis progresses to Periodontitis.
Bacterial accumulation and further production of toxins can lead to gum separation and pocket formation. As the disease progresses, the pockets deepen and more gum tissue and bone are destroyed causing the tooth loss.
There are various types of periodontal disease, such as;
1. Aggressive Periodontitis: this typically occurs in patients who are otherwise clinically healthy, and generally shows attachment loss.
2. Chronic Periodontitis: This is the most common form of periodontitis. Chronic periodontitis results in inflammation of tissues around your teeth, resulting in further bone loss and deep pocket formation.
3. Necrotizing Periodontal Diseases: An infection involves necrosis of gum tissues, bone, and periodontal breakdown. This disease is most common in patients with systemic conditions.


Gingivitis progresses to periodontitis in different stages, such as;

1. Early periodontal disease

In the early stages of periodontitis, your gums recede, or pull away, from your teeth leading to small pockets formation between gums and teeth. These pockets accumulate harmful bacteria. Your immune system fights infection in your body, leading to gum recession. Your gums likely bleed while brushing and flossing, and also marks the beginning of bone loss.

2. Moderate periodontal disease

If left untreated early periodontitis can progress to moderate periodontal disease, you may also experience some bleeding and pain around the teeth. At this stage, your teeth start losing bone support and may fall out.

3. Advanced periodontal disease

In the advanced stage of this disease, the gums, bones, and other tissue that support your teeth are destroyed and you will likely lose your teeth.

Symptoms of Periodontitis

Symptoms of Periodontitis usually depends upon the stage of the disease, but generally you may experience;

1. Bleeding gums while you brush your teeth or floss
2. Bad breath and foul taste
3. Changes in the position of your teeth or loose teeth
4. Receding gums
5. Red, tender, or swollen gums
6. Plaque or tartar build-up
7. Pain while chewing
8. Tooth loss

Diagnosis of Periodontal Disease

A periodontist or dental hygienist diagnoses periodontal disease during a usual periodontal examination.
A small periodontal probe is gently used to measure the formed pocket (sulcus) between the tooth and the gums.
2 – 3 millimeters of pocket depth usually marks a healthy pocket.
The periodontal probe helps to indicate if pockets are deeper than the minimum depth. As periodontal disease progresses, these pockets usually get deeper and loosen your tooth.

How is periodontitis treated?

Treatment generally involves the removal of plaque and other deposits on your teeth, especially around the gum line.

Oral hygiene practices

Our dental care team will give you instructions on how to reduce the number of bacteria in your mouth, which involves keeping your teeth and gums plaque-free. Our dentist will give you advice on how to use toothbrushes and dental floss properly and may recommend other oral hygiene products like mouthwash.
Here is how you can keep your teeth healthy:
1. Brush your teeth twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste.
2. Consider using an electric toothbrush, which may be more effective.
3. Floss at least once a day to remove plaque.
4. Visit your dentist at least twice a year for professional cleaning.
5. Don’t smoke or chew tobacco.

Professional cleanings

Periodontal pockets that form by the attachment loss needs deep cleaning or scaling to ensure maximum healing.
During a professional cleaning, our dentist will remove plaque buildup from your teeth and their roots, and then polish your teeth and treat them with fluoride. A deep-cleaning or scaling and root planing remove any tartar buildup as well as any rough spots on the root of the tooth that accumulates bacteria.

Follow-up appointments

Your dentist will keep you on follow-up for a few weeks, and then about every three to six months after that to assess your progress. If periodontal pockets are still present, they may recommend other treatment options, like surgery and bone grafting.

Frequently Asked Questions

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How is a pediatric dentist different from other dentists?

All dental specialists begin by completing dental school, then continue their education for additional specialized training. During training in the field of pediatric dentistry, a ped dentist gains extensive knowledge and experience in treating infants, children, and adolescents.
Our pediatric dentists enjoy working with children and bring to each patient our expertise in childhood development and behavior.

What are periodontal diseases?

Periodontal diseases are prolonged infections of the gums that will gradually destroy the support structure of your natural teeth. These dental diseases can affect the tissues and underlying bone leading to tooth loss.

What if I don’t get gum treatment?

Periodontal disease is a progressive, painless infection. If left untreated, it can lead to substantial bone and tissue loss. This is not only painful, but it can get ultimately progress to the loss of your tooth.

Why is periodontal treatment necessary?

Periodontal treatments become necessary when periodontal diseases affect the health of your gums or bone, causing damage.
Unhealthy gums can lead to receding, swollen and red gums once the disease progresses. In later stages of the condition, the supporting bone may start to deteriorate, and your teeth will shift, become loose or, in the most severe cases, fall out.

How much will the treatment cost?

Since every patient is different, your dentist will have to complete your initial examination first before we can establish your treatment plan and any associated fees and cost.
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